Using carbon emissions to create the future of innovation.

Introducing Arbora Technologies.

Hana Samad
6 min readApr 24, 2020


It’s always said that climate change will be the single largest problem in our lifetime- I would argue that it is the largest problem, not only of our lifetime, but of the lifetimes of those to come. We get one shot at reducing our carbon footprint, and at this point as I write in April 2020, we have roughly 10 years left to keep our world’s temperature below 1.5 degrees Celsius.

After that point climate change becomes irreversible and our natural systems will become unbalanced. But in order to keep it below 1.5 degrees, that would mean taking actions that re-invent our lives as we know it…but not much has changed when you look at it.

Our politicians still bicker over environment vs economy, companies continue pumping out emissions, consumers keep purchasing products with a high environmental toll. Looking around it’s as if nothing has changed (except for the fact everyone has metal straws now) .

Although we are taking movements in the right direction, albeit hesitantly, we’re not moving fast enough. And that is because it’s hard to change.

It is.

People want to help the environment, but not at the cost of their quality of life, and as bad as it sounds- that’s the truth of the matter.

So it’s evident that if we are to cut our emissions fast enough, we’re going to have to make it worth people’s while.

So that’s what my partners and I at Arbora Technologies decided to do — make the incentive to help the environment more than the economic incentive to continue polluting it. We’re a couple of teenagers with a passion for technology and a desire to give future generations a better, cleaner world than the one we grew up in and the one you grew up in. And we’re trying to do our part in creating solutions to our world’s climate crisis, since it’s evident that our generation, Gen Z, and the ones who come after us, are the ones who are going to face the consequences of it.

Arbora Technologies is dedicated to reversing the impact of green house gases in the atmosphere in a carbon negative manner. Being carbon negative means that we contribute to the overall reduction of greenhouse gases, taking CO2 out of the atmosphere.

This is in direct contrast with corporations that are carbon positive, meaning they add carbon emissions, or just companies that are carbon neutral, who aren’t adding to the problem of carbon emissions- but they aren’t helping to solve it either by reducing emissions.

Arbora believes wholeheartedly, that in order to have a meaningful impact in halting climate change, we need to focus on carbon negative processes that subtract from our current emissions, rather than just trying to cut future emissions. Additionally, through our carbon negative processes we also will lay the foundation for a future of sustainable technological innovation.

Bold words, I know, but even more important than just words is to have a plan.

Our solution is two-fold- the first part includes capturing CO2 directly from the atmosphere and the second is converting it into useful, high demand materials such as graphene and carbon nanotubes.

The result of this is a carbon negative process, meaning that that helps reduce the excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, because at this point, it’s not enough to just cut emissions- we have to reverse them.

Let’s talk a little bit about the first part of Arbora’s solution, carbon capture. Carbon capture technology isn’t new, but it isn’t popular either. The few companies using the technology aren’t striving to be carbon negative either, meaning decreasing the overall amount of carbon in the atmosphere.

They’re using the carbon from the atmosphere to create synthetic fuels (syn-fuels), (which would then be re-released upon combustion, making it only carbon neutral) or just burying it, which provides no economic incentive to pull carbon dioxide from the atmosphere on a larger scale.

In contrast, Arbora plans to pull large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, convert it to highly valued resources such as carbon nanotubes which can sell for anywhere between $200–$1000 USD dollars a gram based on quality.

From there, Arbora will use the proceeds to continue to expand our carbon capture capacity to convert larger amounts of CO2. This process helps both the environment by reducing emissions and helps provides industries, from construction to batteries to technology, with widely available, quality graphene and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). With these products Arbora will help push the boundaries of innovation- but in this case green innovation.

Depending on how involved you are in following exponential technologies, you might’ve heard of graphene. It’s a derivative of graphite, a material you’d be familiar with through pencils. In any case, graphene is one of the strongest materials known to man with a tensile strength of 130 gigapascals (GPa)- to put that into perspective, that’s more than 100 times stronger than steel.

It also has the added bonus of being extremely conductive, flexible, transparent and derived from a pretty common and widely available product, graphite. But all graphene actually is, is a layer of graphite, 1 atom thick. That’s it. Of course there are different arrangements of these carbon atoms which can then create molecular structures known as carbon nanotubes.

Atomic structure of carbon nanotubes

Graphene has gained a lot of interest because of its potential use cases from anything to microscopic medical sensors, to photovoltaic cells, to semiconductors which can carry data even faster, meaning faster electronics, to water filtration devices. The applications of graphene are endless and there’s little doubt that graphene is going to become a big part of future innovation within the next 5–10 years.

Arbora aims to provide the graphene necessary to see that innovation happen, but by using carbon negative sourced graphene, it ensures that the planet doesn’t suffer in return. My partners and I believe that there shouldn’t be a trade off between the environment and innovation- in fact they feed off each other.

Innovation is what’s going to get us all out of this mess, and learning to harness natural resources sustainably will move us forward.

And the way we see it, making sustainable sources technology is an investment. By making sure that the building blocks of our tech in the next 5, 10 or even 50 years is sustainable, we can be confident that our world- the one that my partners and I’s generation will work in, the world our younger siblings will learn in, and the world that future generations will be born in- doesn’t ever have to make the choice of sacrificing quality of life over the life of our planet.

If you’re interested in learning more about our process or specifics of carbon capturing click here to check out our mini-series introducing Arbora Technologies!

Key Takeaways:

  • Our world is in need of innovation to help us solve our climate crisis
  • Arbora Technologies intends to provide a carbon negative solution that reduces the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere
  • Valuable materials can be created from the removed CO2 such as graphene and carbon nanotubes
  • Arbora Technologies addresses the demand for the new innovative material and removes emissions

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Hana Samad

12th grade student, Activator at The Knowledge Society and Co-Founder of EC Urban Acres. Currently redefining equitable resident focused community development.